Our cities’ streets are the canvas of the Fourth Amendment in America.


There are no shortcuts to Constitutional Policing …

In the Sixth Circuit Appellate Court … for an Item to be Admissible Under the Plain View Doctrine, it Must be ‘Immediately Apparent’ to the Officers at Scene and ‘Sluggishly Apparent’ to the Judge while Watching Body Camera Video in His Office

March 20th, 2023|Plain View, Sixth Circuit|

The objects purportedly seen by Det. Kopchak were not immediately and apparently incriminating.Accordingly, the officers lacked probable cause to search the vehicle.   United States v [...]

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