I help Ohio law enforcement officers identify and understand the constantly changing landscape of case law so that they may always be Safe, Smart and Objectively Reasonable.


Don’t fail your training.
Don’t let your training fail you.

In the Sixth Circuit Appellate Court … for an Item to be Admissible Under the Plain View Doctrine, it Must be ‘Immediately Apparent’ to the Officers at Scene and ‘Sluggishly Apparent’ to the Judge while Watching Body Camera Video in His Office

March 20th, 2023|Plain View, Sixth Circuit|

The objects purportedly seen by Det. Kopchak were not immediately and apparently incriminating.Accordingly, the officers lacked probable cause to search the vehicle.   United States v [...]

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